El Salvador is home to diverse water bodies contributing to its natural beauty and ecological significance. From expansive lakes and picturesque lagoons to bays, gulfs, and meandering rivers, these bodies of water shape the landscape and are essential to the country's ecosystem.
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The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Biosphere Reserve, located in El Salvador and part of the Central America Volcanic Arc, safeguards significant ecosystems for species preservation. It contains many habitats, which contribute to its high diversity.
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of hundreds of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. These volcanic formations range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
The Gulf of Fonseca, a sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America that is bounded in the northwest by El Salvador, the northeast by Honduras and the southeast by Nicaragua. Notable among the islands in the gulf are Zacate Grande, El Tigre and Meanguera.
Joya de Cerén is an archaeological site located in the Department of La Libertad, El Salvador. The site contains the remains of a pre-Hispanic farming village that was covered by a volcanic eruption in the seventh century AD. It is often referred to as the "Pompeii of the Americas."
Mesoamerica, which means "middle America" in Greek, is Central America's historical and cultural region. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.
The Pan-American Highway and the Inter-American Highway are intertwined road networks connecting the American continents. While they share similarities, they also have distinct characteristics and purposes. Their completion encounters a significant obstacle known as the Darién Gap.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a major mountain range of Central America that runs parallel to the Pacific coast, from southern Mexico northwest-southeast across the southern half of Guatemala and into El Salvador and Honduras.
Spanning the borders of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, the Trifinio Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve stands as a testament to transnational cooperation and environmental conservation. Established as Central America's first transboundary biosphere reserve, it plays a pivotal role in implementing the Mesoamerican Corridor.