Some well-known and historically significant pre-Columbian Maya archaeological sites are found in Belize, considered part of the southern Maya lowlands of the Mesoamerican culture area. The sites found here were occupied until the arrival of the Spanish.
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Xochicalco is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a fortified political, religious and commercial center from the troubled period of 650 to 900 A.D. that followed the breakup of the great Mesoamerican states such as Teotihuacán, Monte Albán, Palenque and Tikal.
Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quiriguá became the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. Its ruins, located in what is today an archaeological park in southeastern Guatemala, constitute an essential resource for the study of Mayan civilization.
Banwari Trace, an Archaic pre-ceramic site in southwestern Trinidad, is the oldest archaeological site in the West Indies. The deposit is found on the southern edge of the Oropuche Lagoon. Banwari Man is considered to be the oldest skeleton found in the Caribbean region.
The Calakmul archaeological site in Campeche, Mexico, is both a World Heritage site and a Biosphere Reserve. The largest forest mass in Mexico and the second largest remnant forest left in Latin America is the heartland of the area where the Maya civilization reached its climax.
Chiquibul National Park is the largest national park in Belize. The park surrounds Caracol, an archaeological reserve that was once one of the most important regional political centers of the Maya Lowlands during the Classic Period. Chiquibul Forest Reserve is adjacent to the park.
Paquimé, Casas Grandes played a key role in trade and cultural contacts between the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, and the more advanced civilizations of Mesoamerica. The archaeological zone is distinguished by its impressive buildings in earthen architecture.
Nestled on the northern coast of Peru, the archaeological site of Chan Chan stands as a testament to the ingenuity and architectural prowess of the Chimu civilization. Acknowledging its historical significance and architectural marvels, Chan Chan is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chankillo Archaeological Site (Peru) The Editor Mon, 06/20/2022 - 17:52
The Chankillo Archaeological Site is situated in a coastal desert in the Ancash region of Peru. Constructed in the fourth century BC, it has been interpreted as a fortified temple complex with a solar observatory known as the "Thirteen Towers."
Chavín de Huantar: Archaeological Site (Peru) The Editor Sun, 11/18/2018 - 19:58
Chavin de Huántar is one of the earliest and best-known pre-Columbian archaeological sites. The city was a ceremonial and pilgrimage center for the Andean religious world. The site takes its name from the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in the Peruvian Andes high valley.
Choquequirao is an Incan archaeological complex, similar in structure and architecture to Machu Picchu, tucked into the Vilcabamba mountains in the Cusco region of southern Peru. It is located on a glaciated peak overlooking the Apurimac River canyon.