Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quiriguá became the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. Its ruins contain some outstanding monuments and an impressive series of carved stelae and sculpted calendars that constitute an essential source for the study of Mayan civilization.
Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
Ciudad Perdida is an ancient Tayrona indigenous town and archaeological site carved into the mountainside in Colombia's Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta isolated mountain range. It is believed to have been founded about 800 CE, some 650 years earlier than Machu Picchu.
The Fuerte de Samaipata archaeological site consists of two parts: the hill believed to have been the ceremonial center of the old town and the administrative and residential district. The huge sculptured rock, dominating the town below, has no parallel anywhere in the Americas.
Moray is an archaeological site in Peru, northwest of Cuzco on a high plateau at about 11,500 ft and just west of the village of Maras. The site contains unusual Inca ruins, mostly consisting of several terraced circular depressions that suggest it was an agricultural laboratory.
Discovered in 1570, the ruins of Copán in western Honduras is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. Not excavated until the 19th century, the ruined citadel and imposing public squares reveal the three main stages of development before the city was abandoned in the early 10th century.
The archaeological area of Tierradentro, with its complex of hypogeal, are a unique testimony to the everyday life and ritual of a developed and stable society. It also reveals the social complexity and cultural wealth of a pre-Hispanic society in the northern Andean region of South America.
Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Brazil)
Fri, 03/01/2019 - 17:04
The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Solstice Archaeological Park) is an archaeological park located in Amapá state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene. The site contains a megalithic stone circle, colloquially known as the Amazon Stonehenge.
Pre-Columbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquís World Heritage Site (Costa Rica)
Thu, 01/03/2019 - 16:40
Pre-Columbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquís, located in southern Costa Rica, illustrate the physical evidence of pre-Columbian hierarchical societies. The exceptional stone spheres continue to leave researchers speculating about the method and tools of their production.
Pre-Columbian Maya Ruins and Archaeological Sites in Belize
Fri, 08/23/2019 - 12:37
A number of well-known and historically important pre-Columbian Maya archaeological sites are found in Belize, considered part of the southern Maya lowlands of the Mesoamerican culture area. The sites found here were occupied from the Preclassic period until the arrival of the Spanish.