Ecological Region

The Patagonian Grasslands: Guardians of the Windswept Plains

The Patagonian Grasslands ecoregion is situated in the southern part of Argentina. It is an example of nature's resilience in challenging conditions. This area falls under the biome of temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, which spans across the Neotropical realm. The region is a testament to the stunning beauty and biodiversity of the southern landscapes of Argentina.

The Patía Valley Dry Forests: A Unique and Threatened Ecosystem in Colombia

Nestled within the rugged Andes Mountains of southwestern Colombia lies a remarkable and often overlooked ecoregion known as the Patía Valley dry forests. In the rain shadow of the towering Andes, this arid landscape stands in stark contrast to the lush, verdant forests that characterize much of the surrounding region. This creates a unique and fragile ecosystem that is home to a diverse array of specialized plant and animal life.

The Petenes Mangrove Ecoregion: A Unique Wetland Ecosystem

Mangrove ecosystems are among Earth's most productive and biologically diverse habitats, providing vital ecological services and supporting a rich array of plant and animal life. The Petenes mangrove ecoregion in the western Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico is a unique and extraordinary example of these coastal wetlands. The Petenes mangroves are a biodiversity hotspot, harboring endemic and migratory species.

The Resilient Dry Forests of Trinidad and Tobago

Tucked away in the southernmost reaches of the Caribbean archipelago, the islands of Trinidad and Tobago are home to diverse ecosystems, including a unique ecoregion known as the Trinidad and Tobago Dry Forests. While occupying only a small portion of the nation's total land area, these sun-drenched, deciduous woodlands found in the northwest region of Trinidad and the northernmost tip of Tobago play a vital role in the islands' overall ecological tapestry.

The Santa Marta Montane Forests: A Biogeographic Island of Endemism on Colombia's Caribbean Coast

The Santa Marta montane forests ecoregion is a unique and isolated ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta on Colombia's Caribbean coast. It boasts a rich diversity of plant and animal life, including numerous species found nowhere else on Earth. The ecoregion is characterized by moist forests that ascend from the surrounding xeric scrub and dry forests. Its complex geology, varied microclimates, and altitudinal gradients make it home to a rich tapestry of life.

The Sechura and Nazca Deserts: Exploring Peru's Desert Wonders

Peru is a country with diverse landscapes and natural wonders. It has two contrasting yet equally captivating deserts along its western coastline—the Sechura and Nazca Deserts. The relentless forces of nature have shaped these arid expanses and stand as testaments to the resilience of life in extreme environments. They offer a unique blend of geological marvels and biodiversity.

The Semi-arid Pampas: Exploring the Biodiversity of Argentina's Plains

The Semi-arid Pampas ecoregion, nestled in Argentina's heart, spans the Buenos Aires, Pampa, San Luis, and Cordoba Provinces. Forming part of the vast Pampas lowland plains region, this temperate grassland landscape is situated between the Humid Pampas grassland to the east and the drier Argentine Espinal grassland to the west; the Semi-arid Pampas boasts a unique blend of flora and fauna, and geological features.

The Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir Pine-Oak Forests: A Coniferous Oasis in Northern Baja California

Nestled within the northern reaches of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico, the Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir Pine-Oak Forests ecoregion is a remarkable temperate coniferous forest biome. This relatively small ecosystem is a unique western counterpart to the "sky islands" found in northern Mexico and southwestern Arizona, rising from the surrounding desert landscapes as an elevational oasis of diverse and endemic species.

The Sierra Madre Occidental Pine-Oak Forests: A Jewel of Mexican Biodiversity

The Sierra Madre Occidental Pine-Oak Forests represent one of Mexico's most significant and ecologically diverse ecoregions. Spanning highland areas of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range, these forests host a rich variety of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the region. The complex interplay of altitude, climate, and soil types creates a unique environment that supports a dynamic ecosystem.

The Sinú Valley Dry Forests: A Biodiversity Oasis in Northern Colombia

Nestled within the northwestern reaches of the Colombian Andes lies the Sinú Valley dry forests ecoregion, a true marvel of biodiversity. This unique ecosystem serves as a genetic corridor for diverse flora and fauna, situated as a bridge between the Chocó-Darién moist forests and the Magdalena Valley montane forests. From the lush mangroves at sea level to the towering peaks of the Paramillo, the Sinú Valley is a tapestry of interconnected habitats.