Ecological Region

The Cauca Valley Montane Forests: Colombia's Ecological Treasure

An ecological treasure trove lies in the Andes Mountains of southwestern Colombia: the Cauca Valley montane forests. This magnificent ecoregion, marked by its dramatic topography and diverse array of habitats, is a living testament to the incredible natural wealth of the Andean region. It supports a remarkable concentration of plant and animal life found nowhere else on Earth.

The Central Andean Puna: Unveiling the High-Elevation Wonders

Nestled high amidst the jagged, snow-covered peaks of the Southern Andes lies the Central Andean Puna - a land of rugged resilience crafted from pristine pampas and awe-inspiring altiplano plains. This high-altitude montane grassland stretches across the southern regions of Peru, traversing the rugged Bolivian Altiplano and dipping into the northern corners of Argentina.

The Chilean Matorral: A Mediterranean Jewel on South America's Pacific Coast

The Chilean Matorral ecoregion, nestled along the central Chilean coast, is a unique terrestrial ecosystem, a testament to the region's Mediterranean climate and rich biodiversity. Occupying a strategic position on the continent, bound to the west by the vast Pacific Ocean and to the east by the towering southern Andes mountain range, this long, narrow strip stretching along the western coast of South America is truly a jewel in Chile's ecological crown.

The Chiquitano Dry Forests: A Biodiverse Haven

Nestled in the heart of eastern Bolivia and extending into western Brazil, the Chiquitano dry forests ecoregion is a unique and biodiverse haven characterized by its distinct vegetation and remarkable adaptation to a semi-arid climate. This ecoregion is a tapestry of dry forests, savannas, and gallery forests, providing a glimpse into nature's resilience and the intricate interplay between flora and fauna.

The Chocó-Darién Moist Forests: A Biodiversity Hotspot

The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion, spanning western Colombia and eastern Panama, is a true marvel of nature, renowned for its unparalleled species richness and ecological significance. This lowland area, nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the western range of the Andes Mountains, is a genuine biodiversity hotspot and is considered one of the most biologically diverse regions on the planet.

The Cordillera Central Páramo: A High-Altitude Oasis of Andean Biodiversity

Nestled within the heart of the Andes, straddling the borders of Bolivia and Peru, lies the Cordillera Central páramo ecoregion, a high-altitude expanse that captivates with its rugged beauty and ecological significance. This unique ecosystem, situated between the treeline and the permanent snowline, stands as a living testament to the resilience of nature in the face of extreme conditions.

The Costa Rican Páramo: A High-Altitude Wonderland

Nestled within the towering peaks of the Cordillera de Talamanca, a mountain range that straddles the border between Costa Rica and western Panama, lies the Costa Rican páramo ecoregion. This unique and ethereal landscape stands as a testament to the incredible diversity of Central America's natural wonders. This moist montane grassland and shrubland ecosystem is a world unto itself, where the boundaries between alpine tundra and cloud forest blur, creating a delicate and resilient tapestry of life.

The Diverse and Captivating Trinidad and Tobago Moist Forests

The Trinidad and Tobago moist forests ecoregion covers most of the two-island nation located off the northeastern coast of South America. While small portions of the islands are home to other habitat types, such as mangroves and dry forests, the moist forests dominate the landscape and support an exceptionally diverse flora and fauna.

The Ecuadorian Dry Forests: A Unique Ecosystem on the Brink

Nestled along Ecuador's western coast, the Ecuadorian Dry Forests ecoregion is a unique and remarkable ecosystem characterized by a delicate balance between lush vegetation and arid landscapes. This captivating region harbors a rich tapestry of biodiversity that has adapted to thrive in harsh, semi-arid conditions. From its diverse flora and fauna to its historical and cultural significance, the Ecuadorian Dry Forests offer a compelling glimpse into the resilience and fragility of nature's wonders.

The Guajira-Barranquilla Xeric Scrub: An Arid Wonderland on the Caribbean Coast

Nestled along the Caribbean coastlines of northern Venezuela and Colombia, the Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub ecoregion is a unique and remarkable xerophytic (dry-adapted) enclave within the Neotropics. This arid habitat, proposed as a bird center of endemism, is dominated by thorn scrub and succulent vegetation, starkly contrasting the lush tropical landscapes that characterize much of the region.