The coastal area of Belize is an outstanding natural system consisting of the largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere, offshore atolls, several hundred sand cays, mangrove forests, coastal lagoons and estuaries. The system’s seven sites are a significant habitat for threatened species.
Mesoamerica, which literally means "middle America" in Greek, is a historical and cultural region in North America. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. Dazzling arrays of coral form this underwater wilderness, providing homes and food to hundreds of species.
The Petén Basin is a geographical/archaeological subregion of Mesoamerica and a center of Maya civilizations such as Tikal and Calakmul. It is primarily located in northern Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. The Maya Forest is the largest remaining tropical rain forest in the Americas
A number of well-known and historically important pre-Columbian Maya archaeological sites are found in Belize, considered part of the southern Maya lowlands of the Mesoamerican culture area. The sites found here were occupied from the Preclassic period until the arrival of the Spanish.
The Yucatán Peninsula is the exposed portion of the larger Yucatán Platform and lies between the Gulf of Mexico to the west and north, with the Caribbean Sea to the east. It includes the Mexican states of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán and, in the south, large parts of Belize and Guatemala.