The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of Colombia
The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes. The most important city is the capital Bogotá. The altiplano corresponds to the territory of the Muisca who flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The entire collection of 10 or so small coral atolls was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
The near-pristine Serranía de la Macarena National Park is one of Colombia's best-protected. It contains the rivers, streams and waterfalls collectively known as Caño Cristales and commonly called the "River of Five Colors" or the "Liquid Rainbow."
The Chicamocha Canyon, located within the Colombian Andes, is among the largest in the world. Chicamocha National Park, also known as Panachi, is a major tourist attraction due to is spectacular landscape and the variety of outdoor activities that it offers.
The Andean Natural Region is the most populated natural region of Colombia, containing most of the country's urban centers. The Colombian Andes consists of three parallel mountain chains: Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Gulf of Darién is the southernmost extension of the Caribbean Sea. The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads, stretching from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to the lower reaches of South America. It is interrupted between Panama and Colombia by the Darién Gap.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. Lake Maracaibo is a large tidal bay lying in the oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Situated off the Colombian Pacific coast, the island of Gorgona once hosted a notorious prison. Today, it is a National Natural Park of Colombia, designated in order to preserve its endemic species, the richly varied wildlife of the tropical forest and the coral reefs offshore.
The pristine underwater environment of Malpelo Island's Fauna and Flora Sanctuary, off Colombia's Pacific coast, features dramatic cliffs, rock formations, caves and tunnels resulting in striking natural beauty. This vast marine park provides a critical habitat for threatened marine species.