The Amazon rainforest, also known as Amazônia, is a biogeographical region in South America that occupies the Amazon basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Often referred to as the "lungs of the Earth," Amazonia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
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Landforms of Colombia
The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes. The most important city is the capital Bogotá. The altiplano corresponds to the territory of the indigenous Muisca, a culture that flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The entire collection of 10 or so small coral atolls and a marine area was declared the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
Caño Cristales is a river in Colombia's Serranía de la Macarena, known for the striking colors that occur in its waters. Serranía de la Macarena National Natural Park, one of Colombia's best-protected, is at the confluence point of the Orinoco Basin, Guiana Shield, Amazon Rainforest, and Andean ecosystems.
The Caquetá River, as it is known in Colombia, or the Japurá, as it is known in Brazil, is a tributary of the Amazon River. About two-thirds of the tributary is in Colombia, and the other one-third is in Brazil. The Caquetá-Japurá Basin is the ninth-largest tributary basin in the Amazon.
The Cauca River rises in southwestern Colombia and flows northward through the spectacular Cauca Canyon between the Occidental and Central Cordilleras of the Colombian Andes until it joins the Magdalena River before emptying into the Caribbean Sea.
The Chicamocha Canyon, located within the Colombian Andes, is among the largest in the world. Chicamocha National Park, also known as Panachi, is a major tourist attraction due to is spectacular landscape and the variety of outdoor activities that it offers.
The Colombian Andes consist of three parallel mountain chains: Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental. The Andean Natural Region is Colombia's most populated natural region, containing most of the country's urban centers.
Guiana Shield: Guiana Highlands (South America) The Editor Thu, 02/07/2019 - 20:46
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Gulf of Darién is the southernmost extension of the Caribbean Sea, situated off the northwestern coast of Colombia and the southeastern coast of Panama. The Gulf of Urabá, a long, wide inlet located on the coast of Colombia, is the southernmost portion of the Gulf of Darién.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. It is a shipping route for the petroleum-producing Maracaibo region. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.