The Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve is considered one of the most important protected areas in the western part of Mexico due to its rich natural resources and environmental role in the region. Very diverse biologically, it provides a safe water source for more than 430,000 inhabitants.
Protected Areas in Central America
Sierra de San Pedro Mártir National Park encompasses dramatic terrain on the Baja Peninsula. Located within the Peninsular Ranges System, It is known for its pine and cypress trees, granite rock formations and snow-capped mountains in the winter.
The Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is located in the State of Queretaro in northern Mexico. Its strategic biogeographical position between the Arctic Neotropical and the Mesoamerican Mountain regions makes Sierra Gorda one of the most ecologically rich and diverse places in Mexico.
The Sierra La Laguna Biosphere Reserve comprises dry forests located within the Sierra de la Laguna mountain range in Mexico's Baja California Peninsula. It is the most important reproduction site for the primary hummingbird species of Mexico and Latin America.
The Solentiname Islands are an archipelago located in the southeastern part of Lake Nicaragua. They are made up of four larger islands: Mancarroncito, Mancarrón, San Fernando and La Venada. Along with some 32 smaller islands with rocky headlands, they afford shelter to numerous aquatic birds.
Sumidero Canyon is located in the state of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. The Grijalva River runs through the canyon, cutting spectacular walls which exhibit numerous small caves, rock formations and waterfalls. The canyon is surrounded by the Sumidero Canyon National Park.
The location of this unique transboundary site in Central America, where Quaternary glaciers have left their mark, has allowed the fauna and flora of North and South America to interbreed. Four different Indian tribes inhabit this area, which benefit from close cooperation between Costa Rica and Panama.
Tapantí - Macizo de la Muerte National Park protects the lush northern slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca and its diverse ecosystems and life zones. The highest point of the Pan-American Highway occurs at the Cerro de la Muerte.
The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve is located in southeastern Mexico amid a complex system of mountain ranges and valleys within the Sierra Madre del Sur. Due to its endemic species, endangered species and rare floristic species, the site is a IUCN world biodiversity hotspot.
Tenorio Volcano National Park, in northern Costa Rica, forms part of the Arenal Tempisque Conservation Area and consists of four volcanic peaks and two craters. Thermal springs and small geysers dot the area as do rivers, waterfalls, lagoons and panoramic views.