The historical center of Arequipa, the present capital of the Arequipa Region, is an outstanding example of a colonial settlement challenged by the natural conditions, the indigenous influences, the process of conquest and evangelization, as well as the spectacular nature of its setting.
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Historical & Cultural Landmarks in South America
Humberstone and Santa Laura contain over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture. That culture is manifest in their rich language, creativity, solidarity, and their pioneering struggle for social justice.
The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba are a former Jesuit reduction (mission) built by missionaries in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. A World Heritage Site since 2000, the Manzana Jesuítica contains the University of Córdoba, one of the oldest in South America.
The Jesuit Missions of Paraguay, La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue, are part of a series of 30 missions in the Río de la Plata basin established by the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) during the 17th and 18th centuries.
Between 1691 and 1760, a series of mission settlements was founded by the Society of Jesus in the Chiquitos territory of eastern Bolivia. Here on the semiarid frontier of Spanish South America, the Jesuits and the Chiquitano blended European architecture with local traditions.
The ruins of São Miguel das Missões in Brazil and those of San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina, lie at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the remains of five Jesuit missions, built in the land of the Guaranis during the 17th and 18th centuries.
La Moneda Palace is the seat of the President of the Republic of Chile. It also houses the offices of three cabinet ministers and occupies an entire block in downtown Santiago, in an area known as the Civic District. It was the site of a 1973 military coup d'état against President Salvador Allende.
Constructed between 1747 and the early 19th century and consecrated by Pope Pius IX in 1860, León Cathedral has maintained the status of being the largest cathedral in Central America and one of the best-known in the Americas due to its distinct architecture and special cultural importance.
The Main Andean Road links the peaks of the Andes to the coast, running through rain forests, alleys and deserts in South America. Qhapaq Ñan is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defense network of roads, traversing one of the world’s most extreme geographical terrains.
Manzana de las Luces ("Block of Enlightenment") is where in the late 17th century the Jesuits built their residence, the Saint Ignacio Church and adjoining College. It is located in Monserrat, a neighborhood that features many of the historic and important public buildings in Buenos Aires.