The Main Andean Road links the peaks of the Andes to the coast, running through rain forests, alleys and deserts in South America. Qhapaq Ñan is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defense network of roads, traversing one of the world’s most extreme geographical terrains.
Historical & Cultural Landmarks in South America
Manzana de las Luces ("Block of Enlightenment") is where in the late 17th century the Jesuits built their residence, the Saint Ignacio Church and adjoining College. It is located in Monserrat, a neighborhood that features many of the historic and important public buildings in Buenos Aires.
The Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. The site is one of the most impressive-looking archaeological areas in the world.
The Pampulha Modern Ensemble was the center of a visionary garden city project created in 1940 in Belo Horizonte. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer around an artificial lake, this cultural and leisure center included a casino, a ballroom, the Golf Yacht Club and the São Francisco de Assis church.
Located between the Serra da Bocaina mountain range and the Atlantic Ocean, this cultural and natural landscape includes the historic center of Paraty, the island of Ilha Grande as well as four protected natural areas of the Atlantic Forest, one of the world's key biodiversity hotspots.
Plaza de Mayo is a historic city square in the city of Buenos Aires. Formed in 1884, the square hosts important historical monuments. It has been the scene of the most momentous events in Argentine history as well as the largest popular demonstrations in the country.
Situated on the northern coast of Colombia, the city of Cartagena de Indias boasts the most extensive and one of the most complete systems of military fortifications in South America. Due to the city’s strategic location it was also one of the most important ports of the Caribbean.
Recoleta is a downtown residential neighborhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is an area of great historical and architectural interest due to its Beaux-Arts architecture as well as the distinguished La Recoleta Cemetery, one of the most unusual cemeteries in the world.
Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the first capital of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia is one of the oldest colonial cities in the Americas. The Historic Center is distinguished by its religious, civil and military colonial architecture dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
The sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas in Minais Gerais, Brazil, consists of a church with a Rococo interior, an outdoor stairway decorated with statues of the prophets and seven chapels illustrating the Stations of the Cross, which are masterpieces of a highly original form of Baroque art.