The Sierra Madre is a mountain system that is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of ranges that form the western backbone of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.
The Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas Biosphere Reserve, which includes Celaque National Park, is located in the western part of Honduras. The ecosystem is primarily cloud forest and includes Cerro las Minas, the highest mountain in Honduras.
The Central America Volcanic Arc is a chain of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to Northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. They range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
The Gulf of Fonseca, a sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America that is bounded in the northwest by El Salvador, the northeast by Honduras and the southeast by Nicaragua. Notable among the islands in the gulf are Zacate Grande, El Tigre and Meanguera.
The Bay Islands are a group of eight islands and 53 small cays situated within the Gulf of Honduras, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. The island of Roatán rests on an exposed ancient coral reef and has become an important cruise, diving and eco-tourism destination in Honduras.
Discovered in 1570, the ruins of Copán in western Honduras is one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization. Not excavated until the 19th century, the ruined citadel and imposing public squares reveal the three main stages of development before the city was abandoned in the early 10th century.
Mesoamerica, which literally means "middle America" in Greek, is a historical and cultural region in Central America. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and northern Costa Rica.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provide homes and food to hundreds of species.
The Mosquito Coast, also known as the "Miskito Coast", historically included the Miskito kingdom's fluctuating area along the eastern coast of present-day Nicaragua and Honduras. It was named after the local Miskito Amerindians and was long dominated by British interests.
Located on the watershed of the Río Plátano, the reserve is one of the few remnants of tropical rain forest in Central America. With an abundant, varied plant and wildlife within its mountainous landscape, over 2,000 indigenous people have preserved their traditional way of life.
The San Marcos de Colón Biosphere Reserve is situated close to the border with Nicaragua, in the Honduran department of Choluteca, at an altitude varying between 1,600 and 5,600 ft. It exhibits a rich biological diversity that include several species of endemic fauna.