The Altiplano, also called Puna, is a high plateau region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina.
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Landforms of Bolivia
The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of lithospheric tectonic plates.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Bolivian Andes is composed primarily of two ranges or cordilleras. The Cordillera Occidental is characterized by volcanic activity. The much older Cordillera Oriental, known as the "Cordillera Real," is an impressive snow-capped series of granite mountains.
The Cordillera Occidental or Western Cordillera of Bolivia is a mountain range situated in extreme western Bolivia, forming a natural border with Chile. The range is part of the Andes Mountains system which, in turn, is part of the American Cordillera.
The Cordillera Oriental of Bolivia is part of the Andes Mountains system. It is the easternmost of Bolivia's two main ranges and separates the lowlands of the Amazon river basin to the east from the Altiplano to the west. The northern section of the range is known as the Cordillera Real.
Lake Poopó was the second largest lake in Bolivia and along with Lake Uru Uru, received most of its water from the Desaguadero River which flows from Lake Titicaca. By 2016, the lakes had lost nearly all of their waters due to glacial melt and water diversion for mining and agriculture.
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake located at the northern end of the Altiplano basin, on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Lying high up in the Andes at 12,500 ft, it is the world's highest navigable lake. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.
The Madre de Dios River is a headwater tributary of the Amazon River. Shared by Peru and Bolivia, the river serves as the largest watershed in the area, as part of the vast Amazon River drainage basin. The river is an important transportation waterway for the region.