Venezuela boasts diverse water bodies that significantly impact its geography, ecosystems, and human activities. These water bodies play a crucial role in the country, serving as transportation routes, supporting agriculture in the fertile Llanos plains, and providing habitats for numerous aquatic species.
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Landforms of Venezuela
The Amazon Rainforest is a biogeographical region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America. Sometimes called Amazônia, nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
Angel Falls, the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world, is located in the Canaima National Park in southeastern Venezuela along the border between Guyana and Brazil. Partially covered by table mountain formations, the sheer cliffs and waterfalls form a spectacular landscape.
The Federal Dependencies of Venezuela are islands scattered across the Caribbean Sea north of the Venezuelan mainland. They are situated between the mainland coast and the Lesser Antilles and are divided into the Insular Region and the Aves Archipelago.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. It is a shipping route for the petroleum-producing Maracaibo region. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.
Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal estuary and an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Variably considered a bay or lagoon; it lies in the Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela. It is connected to the Gulf of Venezuela by the Tablazo Strait.
Los Roques is an archipelago off the northern coast of Venezuela with over 300 small islands, cays and sand banks that ring a central shallow lagoon. Los Roques Archipelago National Park was created to protect its marine ecosystem of coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass beds.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana, and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
Margarita Island, Cubagua Island, and Coche Island are the largest of 70 islands comprising Nueva Esparta state, situated off the northeastern coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Margarita Island was discovered by Columbus in 1498 and is known as the "Isle of Pearls."
Beginning high in the Sierra Parima Mountains of Venezuela and Brazil, the Orinoco River flows in a giant arc before discharging into the Atlantic Ocean in Venezuela. Its tributaries are the primary transportation system for eastern and interior Venezuela and the Llanos of Colombia.