Nicaragua is situated in Central America between Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south. Its physical geography divides the country into three major zones: the Pacific lowlands, the north-central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands or Mosquito Coast.
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The Bosawás Biosphere Reserve is located in the north of Nicaragua, next to the border with Honduras. Together with three neighboring protected areas of Honduras, it constitutes the largest protected area complex of tropical mountain moist forest north of the Amazon Basin.
The Central America Volcanic Arc (CAVA) is a chain of hundreds of volcanic formations that extend from Guatemala to northern Panama, parallel to the Pacific coastline of the Central American Isthmus. These volcanic formations range from major stratovolcanoes to lava domes and cinder cones.
Granada is a city in southwestern Nicaragua that lies on the shore of Lake Nicaragua and at the foot of the Mombacho Volcano. It is historically one of Nicaragua's most important cities both economically and politically, with a rich colonial heritage, as seen in its architecture and structure.
The Gulf of Fonseca, a sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America that is bounded in the northwest by El Salvador, the northeast by Honduras and the southeast by Nicaragua. Notable among the islands in the gulf are Zacate Grande, El Tigre and Meanguera.
Lake Managua (also known as Lake Xolotlán) is a lake in Nicaragua. The city of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, lies on its southwestern shore. At 1,035 sq km (400 sq mi), it is approximately 58 km (36 mi) long and 25 km (16 mi) wide.
Lake Nicaragua is the largest of several freshwater lakes in Nicaragua as well as the largest in Central America. Located in southwest Nicaragua, it is the dominant physical feature of the country. There are more than 400 islands in the lake.
Constructed between 1747 and the early 19th century and consecrated by Pope Pius IX in 1860, León Cathedral has maintained the status of being the largest cathedral in Central America and one of the best-known in the Americas due to its distinct architecture and special cultural importance.
Masaya Volcano National Park, consisting of a volcanic caldera with two volcanoes and five craters, was established in 1979 as Nicaragua's first national park. Volcán Masaya is one Nicaragua's most popular tourist attractions due to the opportunity of direct contact with the crater.
Mesoamerica, which literally means "middle America" in Greek, is a historical and cultural region in Central America. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.
The Mosquito Coast, also known as the "Miskito Coast", historically included the Miskito kingdom's fluctuating area along the eastern coast of present-day Nicaragua and Honduras. It was named after the local Miskito Amerindians and was long dominated by British interests.