Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America. While it does not have direct access to the sea, it is home to several significant water bodies, including rivers, lakes, lagoons, dams, and reservoirs. These play a critical role in the country's water resources, economy, and natural environment.
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The El Chaco Biosphere Reserve covers a large area in Paraguay's northern part of the boreal El Chaco system, with ecologically diverse dry forest ecosystems under tremendous pressure to be converted into grazing lands. The reserve has six core areas, all protected areas.
The Guaraní Aquifer System is a large underground groundwater reservoir and hydrogeological system. It is a transboundary aquifer spread across four South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
The Itaipu Biosphere Reserve covers an area of over 1,000,000 ha (2,500,000 acres) in eastern Paraguay. It comprises an area of semi-deciduous sub-tropical forest, also known as the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest.
The Jesuit Missions of Paraguay hold a significant place in South America's cultural and religious history. La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue are part of a series of 30 missions in the Río de la Plata basin established by the Society of Jesus during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Mbaracayú Forest Natural Reserve and the Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve protect a hotspot of biodiversity in the Mata Atlántica biologic corridor. It is a tropical humid forest ecosystem, which includes low and medium-altitude Atlantic semi-deciduous forests and savannas.
The Paraguay River is South America's fifth-largest river, running through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. From the Brazilian state of Mato Grasso to its confluence with the Paraná River in Argentina, it serves as part of the Paraguayan border with Argentina and Brazil.
The Paraná River is the second-longest river in South America. Running through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, it becomes an alluvial basin before emptying into the Río de la Plata. The Paraná Delta consists of several islands known as the Islas del Paraná.
The Pilcomayo River, a vital watercourse coursing through the heart of South America, weaves its way through Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay, contributing to creating diverse habitats along its course. The river's seasonal ebb and flow give rise to wetlands, gallery forests, and grasslands with unique flora and fauna.
The Paraná Flooded Savanna ecoregion is a vast area that spans across the floodplains of the middle and lower Paraná River, along with its tributary, the Paraguay River. This region is home to diverse flora and fauna, crucial for maintaining the ecological balance in Argentina and Paraguay. This region's intricate network of waterways and lush marshlands provides a secure habitat for countless plant and animal species.