The Alto Orinoco-Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve is located in the Venezuelan Amazon. Duida-Marahuaca National Park, a national protected area which includes the Duida–Marahuaca Massif, lies within the biosphere reserve.
Sometimes simply referred to as the Amazon (or Amazonia), the Amazon Rainforest is a region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon within their borders.
The Andes are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. Extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks form a rampart from the southern tip of South America to the continent’s northernmost coast on the Caribbean.
Canaima National Park is located in southeastern Venezuela, along the border between Guyana and Brazil. Partially covered by table mountain formations, the park also includes the Gran Sabana region. The sheer cliffs and waterfalls, including the world's highest, Angel Falls, form a spectacular landscape.
The Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas, built to the design of the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva, between 1940 and 1960, is an outstanding example of the Modern Movement in architecture. The university campus integrates the large number of buildings and functions into a clearly articulated ensemble.
With its earthen constructions unique to the Caribbean, Coro is the only surviving example of a rich fusion of local traditions with Spanish Mudéjar and Dutch architectural techniques. Founded in 1527, it was one of the first colonial towns and has some 600 historic buildings.
The Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve is characterized by great biological diversity. The delta includes large areas of permanent wetlands as well as seasonally flooded freshwater swamp forests which provide habitat for a number of endangered and endemic species.
The Guajira/Barranquilla ecoregion along the Caribbean Sea in Venezuela and Colombia is a unique xerophytic area in the neotropics. Proposed as a bird center of endemism, this arid habitat is dominated by thorn scrub and succulents.
Situated primarily in southeastern Venezuela, the Guayanan Highlands ecoregion is distinct from other ecoregions in Amazonia due to its montane physiography. It hosts vast expanses of tall primary rain forest and open, treeless or nearly treeless savannas interrupted by gallery forests.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations on the shield are called the Guyanan Highlands.