The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends north-south from Caribbean Venezuela through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy, wet Cape Horn.
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The Alto Orinoco-Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve is located in the Venezuelan Amazon. Duida-Marahuaca National Park, a national protected area that includes the Duida-Marahuaca Massif, lies within the Biosphere Reserve.
The Amazon Rainforest is a biogeographical region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America. Sometimes called Amazônia, nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
Angel Falls, the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world, is located in the Canaima National Park in southeastern Venezuela along the border between Guyana and Brazil. Partially covered by table mountain formations, the sheer cliffs and waterfalls form a spectacular landscape.
Coro is a colonial port city in Venezuela, founded in 1527 by the Spanish and the first capital of the Province of Venezuela. Its Port of La Vela was the first South American town to achieve independence from Spain, and its well-preserved colonial architecture is one of its main attractions.
The Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve and related national parks are characterized by great biological diversity. The delta includes large areas of permanent wetlands and seasonally flooded freshwater swamp forests, providing habitat for several endangered and endemic species.
The Federal Dependencies of Venezuela are islands scattered across the Caribbean Sea north of the Venezuelan mainland. They are situated between the mainland coast and the Lesser Antilles and are divided into the Insular Region and the Aves Archipelago.
La Gran Sabana is a region in southeastern Venezuela that offers one of the most unusual landscapes in the world, with rivers, waterfalls and gorges, deep and vast valleys, as well as impenetrable jungles and savannas. The region also hosts the isolated tabletop mesas known as tepuis.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. It is a shipping route for the petroleum-producing Maracaibo region. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.
Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal estuary and an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Variably considered a bay or lagoon; it lies in the Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela. It is connected to the Gulf of Venezuela by the Tablazo Strait.