Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in the north and northeast. The country has four distinct geographical regions: the Venezuelan Highlands, the Maracaibo Lowlands, the Orinoco Plains, and the Guiana Highlands.
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The Alto Orinoco-Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve is located in the Venezuelan Amazon. Duida-Marahuaca National Park, a national protected area which includes the Duida–Marahuaca Massif, lies within the Biosphere Reserve.
Sometimes referred to as Amazônia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Canaima National Park is located in southeastern Venezuela, along the border between Guyana and Brazil, partially covered by table mountain formations. The sheer cliffs and waterfalls that include Angel Falls, the world's highest, form a spectacular landscape.
The Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas (University City of Caracas) is the main campus of the Central University of Venezuela, located in central Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It is considered a masterpiece of architecture and urban planning.
With its earthen constructions unique to the Caribbean, Coro is the only surviving example of a rich fusion of local traditions with Spanish Mudéjar and Dutch architectural techniques. Founded in 1527, it was one of the first colonial towns and has some 600 historic buildings.
The Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve and related national parks are characterized by great biological diversity. The delta includes large areas of permanent wetlands as well as seasonally flooded freshwater swamp forests which provide habitat for a number of endangered and endemic species.
La Gran Sabana is a region in southeastern Venezuela that offers one of the most unusual landscapes in the world, with rivers, waterfalls and gorges, deep and vast valleys, as well as impenetrable jungles and savannas. The region also hosts the isolated tabletop mesas known as tepuis.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana (or Guyana) Highlands.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. It is a shipping route for the petroleum-producing Maracaibo region. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.