Ciénaga de Zapata (Zapata Swamp) is located within the Zapata Peninsula on the southern coast of Cuba. Both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve, it is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the Caribbean region with a marine borderline.
The Chile Triple Junction is a geologic triple junction located on the seafloor of the Pacific Ocean off Taitao and Tres Montes Peninsula on the southern coast of Chile. Here three tectonic plates meet: the South American Plate, the Nazca Plate, and the Antarctic Plate.
The Chilean Coastal Range is a mountain range that runs from north to south along the Pacific coast of South America and parallel to the Andes Mountains. The Chilean Central Valley is the depression between the Coastal Range and the Andes Mountains.
Located in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of the Los Lagos Region in southern Chile, Chiloé Island is the largest island of the Chiloé Archipelago. From pastoral landscapes to iconic wooden churches, Chiloé is known for its distinctive folklore, cuisine and architecture.
Cocos Island lies off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and is the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific with a tropical rain forest. Surrounded by deep waters with counter-currents, Cocos Island National Park is admired by scuba divers for its populations of large marine species.
Coiba National Park, off the southwest coast of Panama, protects Coiba Island and 38 smaller islands as well as surrounding marine areas within the Gulf of Chiriqui. Coiba’s Pacific tropical moist forest maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism of mammals, birds and plants.
The Continental Divide extends from the most northern reaches of North America, following a ridge of north-south–trending mountain summits, to the most southern reaches of South America. It separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic.
Cordillera de Guanacaste is a volcanic mountain range in northern Costa Rica, near the border with Nicaragua. The mountain range forms part of the southern region of the Continental Divide and contains a number of volcanic peaks as well as several protected areas.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies on the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. It is a spectacular range that rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the Valle General on the Pacific side.
The Espinhaço Mountain Range represents the largest and most continuous Precambrian orogenic belt in Brazil. The extent of the Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve include 16 protected areas including National Parks, State Parks, State Ecological Stations and Municipal Natural Parks.
Golfo Dulce lies between the Osa Peninsula and the southern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Coronado Bay lies to the northwest of the Osa Peninsula. The peninsula contains a complex of national parks and protects one of the most significant stands of virgin rain forest in Central America.