Amazônia, or "The Amazon," is a vast and awe-inspiring region of South America. Often called the "lungs of the Earth," this immense lush green forest, stretching across nine countries, is home to unparalleled plant and animal life, making it one of the Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems. Comprising the Amazon rainforest, the Amazon biome, the Amazon basin, and the Amazon River, Amazônia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
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Amacayacu National Natural Park is a national protected area of Colombia, situated along the Amazon River in the south of the country, in the Amazonas Department. It is the country's only protected area that conserves the flooded forests of the Amazon River.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The entire collection of 10 or so small coral atolls and a marine area was declared the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
Located on the La Guajira Peninsula, at the northernmost tip of Colombia, the Bahía Portete - Kaurrele National Natural Park boasts a stunning coastline. It sits between Cabo de la Vela and Punta Gallinas and is known as the northernmost National Park in South America. This sanctuary is where the Caribbean Sea meets the arid La Guajira Desert, creating a unique and beautiful natural landscape.
The Shrine of Our Lady of Las Lajas is a Roman Catholic basilica church built inside the canyon of the Guáitara River in southern Colombia. It has been a tourism and pilgrimage destination since the eighteenth century. The town of Ipiales sits on the river's banks, 9,500 ft above sea level.
Caño Cristales is a river in Colombia's Serranía de la Macarena, known for the striking colors that occur in its waters. Serranía de la Macarena National Natural Park, one of Colombia's best-protected, is at the confluence point of the Orinoco Basin, Guiana Shield, Amazon Rainforest, and Andean ecosystems.
The Caquetá River, as it is known in Colombia, or the Japurá, as it is known in Brazil, is a tributary of the Amazon River. About two-thirds of the tributary is in Colombia, and the other one-third is in Brazil. The Caquetá-Japurá Basin is the ninth-largest tributary basin in the Amazon.
Cartagena de Indias is a captivating city located on Colombia's Caribbean coast. It seamlessly weaves together its rich historical past, vibrant modernity, and the allure of its UNESCO-listed historic area. The city was founded in the 16th century and served as a vital port for the Spanish Empire. Today, it remains a significant economic hub for Colombia.
Nestled within the heart of Colombia's diverse landscape lies the Cauca River, a majestic waterway that winds through the rugged terrain of the Cauca Valley, carving out the spectacular Cauca Canyon along its course. This region, characterized by its breathtaking scenery, rich biodiversity, and cultural significance, is a testament to the country's natural heritage and the resilience of its people.
The Chicamocha Canyon, located within the Colombian Andes, is among the largest in the world. Chicamocha National Park, also known as Panachi, is a major tourist attraction due to is spectacular landscape and the variety of outdoor activities that it offers.
Chingaza National Natural Park is in the Cordillera Occidental of the Colombian Andes. Situated within the Orinoco River basin, it contains numerous natural glacial lakes and is an important source of drinking water.