The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos Islands) are volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 600 miles west of continental Ecuador. The archipelago is known for its large number of endemic species and were studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.
The Bosque Seco Biosphere Reserve is located in southwestern Ecuador. The dry forests located within the reserve are the most extensive and best preserved in the country; however, their rarity makes them a conservation priority.
The Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The reserve was formed by the joining of two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru.
The Chocó Andino de Pichincha Biosphere Reserve is located in northern Ecuador, in the Pichincha province, northwest of the capital city of Quito. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot. Many archaeological sites of the Yumbo culture can be found in the area.
Quito, Ecuador's capital, sits high in the Andean foothills. Constructed on the foundations of an ancient Incan city, it’s known for its well-preserved colonial center, rich with 16th- and 17th-century churches and other structures blending European, Moorish and indigenous styles.
The Ecuadorian Andes are divided into parallel volcanic cordilleras that form the central Andean highlands region of Ecuador. This Sierra natural region contains ten major basins that contain roughly half of Ecuador’s population.
El Cajas National Park is located in southern Ecuador and features a tundra vegetation on a spectacular jagged landscape of hills and valleys. Home to a large variety of wildlife, it is part of the Macizo del Cajas Biosphere Reserve.
The Historic Center of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca is a remarkable example of a planned inland Spanish town that bears witness to the principles of Renaissance urban planning in the Americas. Founded in 1577, it has preserved its original orthogonal plan over four centuries.
Llanganates National Park is a protected area of Ecuador, known for its cloud forests, páramos, lagoons and vast biodiversity. Located within the Andean páramo as well as the montane forests on the eastern flanks of the Andes, it is also famous for the "Treasure of the Llanganatis."
Machalilla National Park rests along Ecuador's Pacific coast. It incorporates beaches, fog forest, dry forest, small islands and two larger islands: Isla Salango and Isla de la Plata. Many of the large mammals in Machalilla National Park are regionally and locally endangered.