The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends north-south from Caribbean Venezuela through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy, wet Cape Horn.
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The Altiplano is a high plateau region in west-central South America where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano-Puna plateau lies in Bolivia, its northern parts lie in Peru, and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina. The Altiplano Basin is a sedimentary basin located on the plateau.
The Alto Mayo Protection Forest is an area of protected forestland in northern Peru. This area preserves a portion of the tropical yungas forest in the upper Mayo River basin while protecting soil and water from erosion by deforestation. The area is the water supply for populations in the Mayo valley.
The Amazon Rainforest is a biogeographical region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America. Sometimes called Amazônia, nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Andean Volcanic Belt, along the South American coast, is segmented into four main volcanic zones. These volcanoes, along the backbone of the Andes, are part of the Ring of Fire, an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the collision of tectonic plates.
The Avireri-Vraem Biosphere Reserve is located in the provinces of Satipo and La Convención of central Peru. It is one of the largest reserves in Central and South America, composed of two large coastal lagoon systems and a wide variety of natural ecosystems.
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park of Peru is part of the world's largest multinational tropical protected area. It protects an area comprised of tropical rainforest, savanna, flooded grasslands, hills and mountains, harboring some of the wildest and least-impacted habitats in the world.
The Bosques de Neblina - Selva Central Biosphere Reserve is located in the Amazon basin of central Peru, in a transition zone between the eastern slopes of the Andes and the Amazon. Harboring four emblematic Peruvian ecosystems, it is home to a high biological and cultural diversity level.
The Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve was formed by joining two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru. The reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots.
Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
The Chankillo Archaeological Site is situated in a coastal desert in the Ancash region of Peru. Constructed in the fourth century BC, it has been interpreted as a fortified temple complex with a solar observatory known as the "Thirteen Towers."