Located on the western coast of South America, Peru is known as one of the world's most megadiverse countries and its biodiversity can be organized into four main biomes. Geographically, Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the Costa, the Sierra, and the Amazonia.
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The Altiplano is a high plateau region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano-Puna plateau lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina. The Altiplano Basin is a sedimentary basin located on the plateau.
The Alto Mayo Protection Forest is an area of protected forestland in northern Peru. This area preserves a portion of the tropical yungas forest in the upper Mayo River basin while protecting soil and water from erosion by deforestation. The area is the water supply for populations in the Mayo valley.
Sometimes referred to as Amazônia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast, segmented into four main areas of active volcanism. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park of Peru is part of the largest multinational tropical protected area in the world. It protects an area comprised of tropical rainforest, savanna, flooded grasslands, hills and mountains; harboring some of the wildest and least-impacted habitats in the world.
The Bosques de Neblina - Selva Central Biosphere Reserve is located in the Amazon basin of central Peru, in a transition zone between the eastern slopes of the Andes and the Amazon. Harboring four emblematic Peruvian ecosystems, it is home to a high level of biological and cultural diversity.
The Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The reserve was formed by the joining of two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru.
Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
The Chankillo Archaeological Site is situated in a coastal desert in the Ancash region of Peru. Constructed in the fourth century BC, it has been interpreted as a fortified temple complex that includes a solar observatory known as the "Thirteen Towers."