The Andino Norpatagónica Biosphere Reserve is located in Argentina's northwestern Patagonia. It includes five National Parks and numerous other protected areas of Argentina. The landscape is mostly mountainous, dominated by the Andes in the west with sub-Andean plains and plateaus in the east.
Andino Norpatagónica Biosphere Reserve
The Andino Norpatagónica Biosphere Reserve is located in northwestern Patagonia and includes the Argentine provinces of Chubut, Río Negro and Neuquén. The Biosphere Reserve has a total area of 2,226,942 ha (over 5.5 million acres).
The Andino Norpatagónica Biosphere Reserve is comprised of a number of national protected areas run by the National Parks Administration. It includes five National Parks:
Lanín National Park: The park takes its name from the highest peak, the Lanín volcano, an ice-clad cone-shaped extinct stratovolcano of 3,776 m (12,388 ft) which borders with Chile.
Nahuel Huapi National Park: The largest of the national parks in the region, it has an area of 7,050 sq km (2,720 sq mi), or nearly two million acres. It surrounds Nahuel Huapi Lake in the foothills of the Patagonian Andes.
Los Arrayanes National Park: Created to preserve a myrtle forest, from which it takes its name, it occupies the entire Quetrihué Peninsula.
Lago Puelo National Park: Located in the Patagonia Forest region of Argentina, it is home to many endemic flora species and exhibits beautiful scenery and exceptional weather due to its low elevation, geographical environment and geologic formation.
Los Alerces National Park: The park was created in 1937 for the purposes of protecting the alerce forest and other typical flora of the Patagonian Andes. It contains the largest alerce forest of Argentina.
It also includes ten reserves and protected areas of provincial jurisdiction, as well as additional municipal reserves:
- Cerro Pirque Provincial Park
- Arroyo Motoco Provincial Reserve
- Río Turbio Park and Provincial Reserve
- Cerro Currumahuida Forest Reserve
- Río Azul Natural Protected Area
- Baguilt Lake Natural Protected Area
- Cipresal de las Guaitecas Natural Protected Area
- Lake Epuyén Forest Reserve
- Rio Limay Protected Landscape
- Baguilt Reservation, Ice River and Lake Huemul
The landscape is mostly mountainous, dominated by the Andes Mountains in the western areas as well as Sub-Andean plains and plateaus in the eastern areas.
In the mountainous area, the largest bodies of water include the lakes Nahuel Huapi, Lácar, Traful, Mascardi, Gutierrez, Rivadavia, Puelo, Futalaufquen, among others. There is also a network of high density drainage in wide alluvial plains accompanied by various levels of terraces.
Major habitats & land cover types:
- temperate coniferous and broadleaf forests (coihue forest, lenga beech forest, scrub and forests of antarctic beech, forests with araucaria, cypress forest in the mountains, oak, raulí and coihue forests, larch forest, valdivian forest)
- semidesert high Andes
- patagonian steppe
- water bodies and courses
- forested areas
- agricultural land
- urban areas
- eternal snow and glaciers.