Argentina is a vast and diverse country with a long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. While it's not typically associated with islands in the same way as some other countries, several notable islands and archipelagos are worth mentioning.
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Islands and Archipelagos
Anavilhanas National Park protects the environment of the Anavilhanas Archipelago in the Rio Negro, one of the largest in the world. Anavilhanas, the world’s second-largest fluvial archipelago, is part of the Central Amazon Conservation Complex, the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The entire collection of 10 or so small coral atolls and a marine area was declared the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
The Archipiélago de Colón (Galápagos Islands) are volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 600 miles west of continental Ecuador. The archipelago is known for its many endemic species and was studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.
Located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Archipiélago de Revillagigedo is made up of four remote islands and their surrounding waters. Part of a submerged volcanic mountain range, the islands provide critical habitat for a range of wildlife and are of particular importance for seabirds.
The Azuero Peninsula is in southern Panama, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Panama. Panama City, the Panamanian capital, is the main urban center on the gulf shore. The Pearl Islands are an archipelago in the Gulf of Panama.
The coastal area of Belize is a natural system consisting of the largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere, offshore atolls, several hundred sand cays, mangrove forests, coastal lagoons, and estuaries. The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System’s seven sites are a significant habitat for threatened species.
The Bocas del Toro Archipelago is a picturesque and diverse collection of islands, islets, and cays off Panama's northern Caribbean coast. It is a popular tourist destination for its beaches, rainforests, and coral reefs.
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves consist of a Marine National Park and a Biological Reserve off the coast of Brazil. These protected areas are home to many tropical seabirds, and the waters are substantial breeding and feeding grounds.
Cape Horn is the southernmost headland of Chile's portion of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. The Diego Ramírez Islands are a small group of islands located southwest of Cape Horn. The Drake Passage is the body of water between Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
Located in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of the Los Lagos Region in southern Chile, Chiloé Island is the largest island of the Chiloé Archipelago. From pastoral landscapes to iconic wooden churches, Chiloé is known for its distinctive folklore, cuisine, and architecture.