The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Southern Patagonian Ice Field, located in the Southern Patagonic Andes between Chile and Argentina, is the world's second largest contiguous extrapolar ice field. It is the larger of two remnant parts of the Patagonian Ice Sheet, which covered all of southern Chile during the last glacial period,.
The Teatro Colón is an opera house in Buenos Aires, Argentina, that is often considered among the finest opera houses in the world. The present opera house opened in 1908, replacing the original theater in the Plaza de Mayo. It later underwent renovations and reopened in 2010.
The Altiplano, also called Puna, is a region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. It is the most extensive area of high plateau on earth outside Tibet. The bulk of the Altiplano lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina.
The Pampas are a natural region of vast fertile lowland plains in South America that extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes Mountains. These flat, fertile plains are a grassland biome that can be divided into three distinct ecoregions: the Uruguayan Savanna, the Humid Pampas and the Semiarid Pampas.
The Yungas is a narrow band of forest along the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains within Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. This humid, subtropical natural region is a transitional zone between the Andean highlands and the eastern forests.
Tierra del Fuego National Park is located on the western half of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego in an area known for its biological richness. It stretches from the Beagle Channel to the shores of Lago Kami at the southernmost point of Argentine Patagonia.
The Strait of Magellan is a sea route in southern Chile separating mainland South America and Tierra del Fuego archipelago to the south. Tierra del Fuego, shared by Chile and Argentina, is further separated in the south by the east-west Beagle Channel.
The picturesque town of Iruya, in northwestern Argentina, is known for its geographical beauty. It is situated along the Iruya River at an elevation of 9,120 ft and nestled within a dramatic mountainous Altiplano landscape.
The Uruguay River is a major river in South America. Its headwaters originate in Brazil's coastal range. The river forms parts of the boundaries of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina before eventually joining the Río de la Plata.
The Yabotí Biosphere Reserve is located in the Misiones province of northeastern Argentina. The reserve is part of the Misiones Rainforest Corridor, within the Amazon Rainforest region, which is home to some of the most traditional villages of the Guaraní peoples.