The area known as Copper Canyon is a series of six interconnected canyons that were formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara, itself a spectacular mountainous region located within the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico.
Landforms of Central America
Cordillera de Guanacaste is a volcanic mountain range in northern Costa Rica, near the border with Nicaragua. The mountain range forms part of the southern region of the Continental Divide and contains a number of volcanic peaks as well as several protected areas.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies on the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. The range rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the General Valley on the Pacific side.
Golfo Dulce lies between the Osa Peninsula and the southern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Coronado Bay lies to the northwest. The peninsula contains a complex of national parks and protects one of the most significant stands of virgin rain forest in Central America.
The Gulf of Darién is the southernmost extension of the Caribbean Sea. The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads, stretching from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to the lower reaches of South America. It is interrupted between Panama and Colombia by the Darién Gap.
The Gulf of Fonseca, a sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America that is bounded in the northwest by El Salvador, the northeast by Honduras and the southeast by Nicaragua. Notable among the islands in the gulf are Zacate Grande, El Tigre and Meanguera.
The Bay Islands are a group of eight islands and 53 small cays situated within the Gulf of Honduras, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. The island of Roatán rests on an exposed ancient coral reef and has become an important cruise, diving and eco-tourism destination in Honduras.
The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the north by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest by Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula and on the southeast by Cuba.
Islas Marietas are a group of small uninhabited islands a few miles off the coast of the state of Nayarit, southwest of the peninsula known as Punta de Mita. The islands are characterized by their wealth of bird and fish fauna. The island archipelago is both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is an isthmus in southern Mexico between the Bay of Campeche and Gulf of Mexico to the north and the Gulf of Tehuantepec on the Pacific Ocean to the south. It represents the shortest distance between the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.