Belize is located along the Caribbean coast of northeastern Central America. Known as British Honduras until 1973, its geography consists of heavily forested plains and the Maya Mountains. The Belize Barrier Reef System flanks the coastline while cays and atolls dot the reef.
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The Agua y Paz (Water and Peace) Biosphere Reserve is characterized by mountain ranges, volcanoes and plains. The reserve is comprised of eight core zones that are protected wildlife areas. Its natural riches include wetlands, navigable rivers and tropical humid forests.
The Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve is a nature reserve in the central part of Costa Rica. It is part of the Arenal Tilaran Conservation Area which protects tropical forest area near San Ramón.
Human activities have an outsized impact on monarchs’ ability to migrate. Development, agriculture and logging have reduced monarch habitat. Climate change, drought and pesticide use also reduce the number of butterflies that complete the journey.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast, segmented into four main areas of active volcanism. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
Antigua Guatemala contains living traces of Spanish culture with its principal monuments, built in the Baroque style of the 18th century, preserved today as ruins. The city was a center for the exportation of religious images and statues to the American continent and to Spain during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Biosphere Reserve, located in El Salvador within the Central America Volcanic Arc, protects important ecosystems for species conservation. It hosts highly diverse habitats, such as páramo montane forests, cloud forests, conifer forests, and volcanic lava flow vegetation.
Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quiriguá became the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. Its ruins, located in what is today an archaeological park in southeastern Guatemala, constitute an essential resource for the study of Mayan civilization.
Founded in 1519, Panamá Viejo was the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. Abandoned in the mid-17th century, it was replaced by today's Historic District, which has preserved its original street plan, its architecture and an unusual mixture of architectural styles.
Arenal National Park is located in Alajuela province in northwestern Costa Rica. The park encompasses the Arenal Volcano, an active andesitic stratovolcano. It was Costa Rica's most active volcano until 2010 and one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world.
The Azuero Peninsula is located in southern Panama, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean the Gulf of Panama. Panama City, the Panamanian capital, is the main urban center on the gulf shore. The Pearl Islands are an archipelago in the Gulf of Panama.