The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System comprises seven protected areas along Central America's northeastern coast. Hosting diverse marine habitats, including iconic sites like the Blue Hole and Half Moon Caye, it is vital in preserving unique reef types, biodiversity, and habitats for threatened species.
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The Agua y Paz (Water and Peace) Biosphere Reserve in northern Costa Rica is comprised of Juan Castro Blanco National Park, Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge, four biological corridors, and an indigenous community. It is characterized by mountain ranges, volcanoes, and plains.
The Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve is a nature reserve in the southeastern Cordillera de Tilarán in northcentral Costa Rica. It is part of the Arenal Tilaran Conservation Area, which protects the tropical forest area near San Ramón.
Human activities have an outsized impact on monarchs’ ability to migrate. Development, agriculture and logging have reduced monarch habitat. Climate change, drought and pesticide use also reduce the number of butterflies that complete the journey.
The Andean Volcanic Belt, along the South American coast, is segmented into four main volcanic zones. These volcanoes, along the backbone of the Andes, are part of the Ring of Fire, an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the collision of tectonic plates.
Antigua Guatemala was founded in 1543 and quickly became an important Spanish colonial hub. However, the city was repeatedly devastated by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The ruins left behind and its remarkable resilience contributes to the city's unique charm and historical character.
The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Biosphere Reserve, located in El Salvador and part of the Central America Volcanic Arc, safeguards significant ecosystems for species preservation. It contains many habitats, which contribute to its high diversity.
Inhabited since the 2nd century A.D., Quiriguá became the capital of an autonomous and prosperous state. Its ruins, located in what is today an archaeological park in southeastern Guatemala, constitute an essential resource for the study of Mayan civilization.
Founded in 1519, Panamá Viejo was the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. It was abandoned in the mid-17th century and replaced by today's Historic District, which has preserved its original street plan, architecture, and an unusual mixture of architectural styles.
Arenal National Park is located in Alajuela province in northwestern Costa Rica. The park encompasses the Arenal Volcano, an active andesitic stratovolcano. It was Costa Rica's most active volcano until 2010 and one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world.
The Azuero Peninsula is in southern Panama, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Panama. Panama City, the Panamanian capital, is the main urban center on the gulf shore. The Pearl Islands are an archipelago in the Gulf of Panama.