The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Caracol State Park is a small state park in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It contains the dramatic Caracol Falls, a major tourist attraction. The waterfall is situated between the pine forest zone of the Brazilian Highlands and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and has two cascades.
The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It is where the majority of the ecosystems recorded in the Amazon are found.
The site of the Cerrado Protected Areas includes the Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks, located in the Brazilian central plateau in the State of Goias. Both parks help protect the Cerrado biome, one of the oldest and most diverse ecosystems in the world.
Chapada Diamantina National Park is located in the Brazilian state of Bahia. The Chapada Diamantina is a plateau bounded by cliffs which form a watershed, draining on one side into the São Francisco River and on the other into the De Contas River and Paraguaçu River.
The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves consists of eight protected areas containing remnants of the Atlantic Forest, one of the richest tropical forest regions in the world. These reserves illustrate the evolution of the few remaining areas of Atlantic Forest in Brazil.
The Gran Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland alluvial plain, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of Brazil. With a high biodiversity, it contains South America's second largest forest.
Grande Sertão Veredas National Park is located on the border between Minas Gerais and Bahia states. Aimed to preserve the Carinhanha River basin, it is named for its extensive streams (veredas) that resemble pathways and which can sometimes form oxbow lakes or larger rivers.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations are known as the Guiana Highlands.
The 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese rule, has preserved the original rectangular street plan. A number of fine historic buildings have survived, making this an outstanding example of an Iberian colonial town.