The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of South America
Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National Park spans over 34,000 acres and helps protect both montane forests and dwarf cloud forests. Rincón de la Vieja Volcano, an active andesitic complex volcano, is set within the park and is one of six active Costa Rican volcanoes.
Río de la Plata is a tapering intrusion of the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of South America between Uruguay to the north and Argentina to the south. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The Rio de La Plata drainage basin is bounded by the Brazilian Highlands, the Andes Mountains and Patagonia.
Formed by the most extensive and diverse coral reefs in the Colombian Caribbean continental coastline, the Rosario and San Bernardo archipelagos are protected by the Rosario and San Bernardo Corals National Natural Park.
The Rupununi is a natural region in southwest Guyana, bordering the Brazilian Amazon. It is divided into the northern and southern Rupununi by the Kanuku Mountains. The Rapununi River flows through the region before joining with the Essequibo River on its way to the Atlantic Ocean.
Salar de Uyuni is an arid windswept salt flat in southwestern Bolivia. It is considered one of the most remarkable vistas on earth and is a major breeding ground for several species of flamingos. Isla Incahuasi is a former island situated in the middle of the Salar.
The city of Bariloche is located on the shores of Lake Nahuel Huapi in the Patagonia region of Argentina. Situated in the foothills of the Andes, close to the Chilean border, Bariloche is surrounded by Nahuel Huapi National Park, the oldest in Argentina.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and is the fourth largest river system in South America. The river and its basin are an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.
Scotia Plate: South Sandwich Plate (Tectonic) The Editor Sat, 12/26/2020 - 14:59
The Scotia Plate and South Sandwich Plate are minor tectonic plates located at the southern edge of the South Atlantic Ocean and the northern edge of the Southern Ocean that surrounds Antarctica. The South Sandwich Islands are located here.
The Scotia Sea is the area of water between the Drake Passage, Tierra del Fuego, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the South Orkney Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. The Scotia Arc is an undersea ridge and island arc bordering the Scotia Sea.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this important watershed, source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.