The Nazca Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate in the southeastern Pacific Ocean off the west coast of South America. Its subduction beneath South America is responsible for the Andes Mountains. The Galápagos hotspot is responsible for the Galápagos Islands.
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Landforms of South America
Mount Roraima: Pacaraima Mountains (South America) The Editor Wed, 05/12/2021 - 19:56
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana, and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
The Nevado del Ruiz volcano is situated northwest of Colombia’s capital, Bogotá. Part of the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes, the volcano is one of several that lie within Los Nevados National Natural Park. Its 1985 eruption was the fourth-deadliest in recorded history.
Nevado Tres Cruces National Park is located in the Atacama Region of Chile and includes Laguna Santa Rosa, Laguna del Negro Francisco and a part of the Salar de Maricunga. The park is named after the Nevado Tres Cruces massif which dominates the landscape of the area.
Northern Patagonian Ice Field (Chile) The Editor Wed, 10/24/2018 - 16:53
The Northern Patagonian Ice Field, located in southern Chile, is the smaller of two remnant parts in which the Patagonian Ice Sheet in the Andes Mountains of lower South America can be divided. It is completely contained within the boundaries of Laguna San Rafael National Park.
Nueva Esparta: Margarita, Cubagua and Coche Islands (Venezuela) The Editor Fri, 09/13/2019 - 18:34
Margarita Island, also known as the "Isle of Pearls," is situated off the northeastern coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Margarita Island, along with Cubagua Island and Coche Island, are the largest of 70 islands comprising Nueva Esparta state.
Orinoco River, Basin and Delta (South America) The Editor Mon, 08/19/2019 - 16:59
Beginning high in the Sierra Parima Mountains of Venezuela and Brazil, the Orinoco River flows in a giant arc before discharging in the Atlantic Ocean in Venezuela. Its tributaries are the major transportation system for eastern and interior Venezuela and the llanos of Colombia.
The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate, made up almost entirely of oceanic crust, that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean. At an estimated 40,000,000 sq miles in size, it is Earth's largest tectonic plate.
Pantanal: Floodplain and Wetland (South America) The Editor Tue, 06/11/2019 - 18:35
Stretching across portions of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay, the Pantanal is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area. This gigantic seasonal floodplain ecoregion is also home to a staggering variety of plants and wildlife.
The Paracas National Reserve is a protected area in Peru that protects desert and marine ecosystems, including the Paracas Peninsula and Paracas Bay. The Ballestas Islands are a group of small islands off the coast of the peninsula that are an important sanctuary for marine fauna.