The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of South America
The Madre de Dios River is a headwater tributary of the Amazon River. Shared by Peru and Bolivia, the river serves as the largest watershed in the area, as part of the vast Amazon River drainage basin. The river is an important transportation waterway for the region.
The pristine underwater environment of Malpelo Island's Fauna and Flora Sanctuary, off Colombia's Pacific coast, features dramatic cliffs, rock formations, caves and tunnels resulting in striking natural beauty. This vast marine park provides a critical habitat for threatened marine species.
The Marajó Archipelago is the largest fluvial-maritime archipelago on Earth. Located in the states of Amapá and Pará in Brazil, it is formed by approximately 2,500 islands. Marajó Island is the main and largest of the islands in the Marajó Archipelago.
The Mindo Valley is located among the western slopes of the Andes Mountains in northern Ecuador. It is known for its many species of birds, butterflies and orchids. The valley is home to the Mindo-Nambillo Cloud Forest and Ecological Reserve.
Mount Aconcagua: Aconcagua Provincial Park (Argentina) The Editor Sat, 03/09/2019 - 21:19
Aconcagua Provincial Park is a protected area in the Argentinean Andes, on the Chilean border. It is home to snow-capped Mount Aconcagua, South America’s tallest peak. With a summit elevation of 22,800 ft, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
Nazca Plate (Tectonic): Galápagos Hotspot The Editor Sun, 11/01/2020 - 18:22
The Nazca Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate in the southeastern Pacific Ocean off the west coast of South America. Its subduction beneath South America is responsible for the Andes Mountains. The Galápagos hotspot is responsible for the Galápagos Islands.
Nevado Tres Cruces National Park is located in the Atacama Region of Chile and includes Laguna Santa Rosa, Laguna del Negro Francisco and a part of the Salar de Maricunga. The park is named after the Nevado Tres Cruces massif which dominates the landscape of the area.
The Northern Patagonian Ice Field, located in southern Chile, is the smaller of two remnant parts in which the Patagonian Ice Sheet in the Andes Mountains of lower South America can be divided. It is completely contained within the boundaries of Laguna San Rafael National Park.
Margarita Island, also known as the "Isle of Pearls," is situated off the northeastern coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Margarita Island, along with Cubagua Island and Coche Island, are the largest of 70 islands comprising Nueva Esparta state.