Landforms of South America

Gorgona Island: Colombia's Ecological Jewel in the Pacific

Situated off Colombia's Pacific coast, the island of Gorgona is a true ecological gem. It boasts a rich biodiversity and a fascinating history that spans indigenous cultures and colonial exploration. This remote island, part of Colombia's Insular Region, is a world unto itself, isolated by the vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean. Gorgona is home to Gorgona Natural National Park, a protected area established to preserve its unique ecological treasures.

Guanabara Bay (Brazil)

Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias, and on its eastern coast, the towns of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.

Guaraní Aquifer: Navigating the Depths of South America's Vital Aquifer System

The Guaraní Aquifer System (GAS) is a colossal underground reservoir, weaving beneath the South American territories of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Named in homage to the Guaraní peoples who once inhabited a significant portion of its expanse, this hydrogeological marvel has garnered global attention for its sheer size and critical role in sustaining life across the region.

Gulf of Tribugá: Colombia's Hidden Ecological and Cultural Gem

The Gulf of Tribugá is an unspoiled paradise on Colombia's Pacific coast, offering stunning landscapes, diverse biodiversity, and traditional communities. The Tribugá-Cupica-Baudó Biosphere Reserve, created to conserve the region's rich biodiversity and cultural heritage, fosters sustainable development and community involvement.