The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends north-south from Caribbean Venezuela through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy, wet Cape Horn.
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Landforms of South America
Atacama Desert: Atacama Desert Ecoregion (Chile) The Editor Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:48
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Atacama Plateau, also known as the Puna de Atacama, is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northwestern Argentina, extending into Chile. This cold, desolate Andean tableland can be defined as the southernmost portion of the Andean Altiplano.
The Aucanquilcha volcano is in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile, between the Loa River and the border with Bolivia. It is located within the Alto Loa National Reserve and part of the Central Volcanic Zone. Several sulfur mines lie within the Aucanquilcha complex.
The Beni River flows north through Bolivia after rising in the Andean slopes of the Cordillera Real. The Mamoré River is formed by numerous headwaters that drain the Llanos de Moxos. The two rivers form the Madeira River on the border with Brazil.
The Bocas del Toro Archipelago is a picturesque and diverse collection of islands, islets, and cays off Panama's northern Caribbean coast. It is a popular tourist destination for its beaches, rainforests, and coral reefs.
Bolivian Andes: Occidental and Oriental Cordilleras (Bolivia) The Editor Mon, 07/26/2021 - 18:22
The Bolivian Andes is composed primarily of two ranges or cordilleras. The Cordillera Occidental is characterized by volcanic activity. The much older Cordillera Oriental, also known as the "Cordillera Real," is an impressive snow-capped series of granite mountains.
The Borborema Plateau makes up the northeasternmost portion of the Brazilian Highlands. As the primary watershed of the region, the semiarid plateau, composed mainly of mountains, is the source of more than 100 rivers and is rich in mineral deposits, including gold.
The Brazilian Highlands (Brazilian or Paraná Plateau), a vast geographical region, is Brazil's primary mineral wealth source. The area covers most of the country's eastern, southern, and central portions, including cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills, and rock outcrops.
Cajón del Maipo is a canyon in the Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile. The canyon valley is surrounded by some of the highest peaks in the region, including the San José, Maipo, and Marmolejo volcanos. The canyon is a popular tourist destination, especially for trekking.
Caño Cristales is a river in Colombia's Serranía de la Macarena, known for the striking colors that occur in its waters. Serranía de la Macarena National Natural Park, one of Colombia's best-protected, is at the confluence point of the Orinoco Basin, Guiana Shield, Amazon Rainforest, and Andean ecosystems.