The Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon region within their borders.
Landforms of South America
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. Lake Maracaibo is a large tidal bay lying in the oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Huacachina is a village built around a small desert lagoon. This natural oasis is surrounded by sand dunes in what is often referred to as the "Ica Desert." The city of Ica lies along the desert coast of southern Peru. Ica, as well as Huacachina, is famous for its Pisco (brandy).
Situated off the Colombian Pacific coast, the island of Gorgona once hosted a notorious prison. Today, it is a National Natural Park of Colombia, designated in order to preserve its endemic species, the richly varied wildlife of the tropical forest and the coral reefs offshore.
The Juan Fernández Archipelago is a sparsely inhabited group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Chile. The protected areas include the islands of Robinson Crusoe, Alexander Selkirk and Santa Clara as well as all of the smaller islets in the area.
Kaieteur National Park, located in the southern Pakaraima Mountains in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana, covers a broad range of habitat types and is home to many species unique to the region. The park is especially renowned for the Kaieteur Falls.
The Kanuku Mountains are a mountain group located within the Rupununi natural region in southwestern Guyana. The east-west range divides the Rupununi from the wetlands of the north and the savannas of the south. The mountains have been designated a National Protected Area.
Lake Llanquihue, situated in the southern Los Lagos Region of Chile, is the largest and one of the best known Chilean lakes. Osorno volcano stands on the southeastern shore of Lake Llanquihue and is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes.
Lake Poopó was the second largest lake in Bolivia and along with Lake Uru Uru, received most of its water from the Desaguadero River which flows from Lake Titicaca. By 2016, the lakes had lost nearly all of their waters due to glacial melt and water diversion for mining and agriculture.
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake located at the northern end of the Altiplano basin, on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Lying high up in the Andes at 12,500 ft, it is the world's highest navigable lake. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.
Los Roques is an archipelago off the northern coast of Venezuela with over 300 small islands, cays and sand banks that ring a central shallow lagoon. Los Roques Archipelago National Park was created to protect its marine ecosystem of coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass beds.