Argentina's water bodies include many lakes, rivers, and lagoons. Most rivers that crisscross the country originate in the Andes range and eventually empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Gulfs and bays pocket the coasts, while lakes and lagoons dot the countryside and fill mountaintop craters.
Search LAC Geo
Bodies of Water
The Madeira River is one of South America's major rivers. It is part of the Amazon Basin and is the largest and most important tributary of the Amazon River. Its headwaters are located in the Bolivian Andes, over 2,000 miles from its confluence with the Amazon in Brazil.
The Madre de Dios River is a headwater tributary of the Amazon River. Shared by Peru and Bolivia, the river serves as the largest watershed in the area, as part of the vast Amazon River drainage basin. In addition, the river is a vital transportation waterway for the region.
The Magdalena is Colombia's principal river. With more than ten tributaries, it flows northward through the Andes of western Colombia and empties into the Caribbean Sea in the north. The river basin is home to 80% of the nation's 48 million inhabitants and is the principal driving force of the local economy.
The Moconá (Yucumã) Falls is a dramatic linear waterfall on the border between the province of Misiones, Argentina, and the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The areas on either side of the falls are protected by the Moconá Provincial Park in Argentina and the Turvo State Park in Brazil.
Beginning high in the Sierra Parima Mountains of Venezuela and Brazil, the Orinoco River flows in a giant arc before discharging into the Atlantic Ocean in Venezuela. Its tributaries are the primary transportation system for eastern and interior Venezuela and the Llanos of Colombia.
The Paraguay River is South America's fifth-largest river, running through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. From the Brazilian state of Mato Grasso to its confluence with the Paraná River in Argentina, it serves as part of the Paraguayan border with Argentina and Brazil.
The Paraná River is the second-longest river in South America. Running through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, it becomes an alluvial basin before emptying into the Río de la Plata. The Paraná Delta consists of several islands known as the Islas del Paraná.
The Purus River, which rises in Peru, is a tributary of the Amazon River. The river, which is highly meandering, has vast floodplains and is flanked by numerous lakes near its shores. The Purus Basin is one of the most important watersheds of the Solimões-Amazon River.
San Carlos de Bariloche is located on the shores of Lake Nahuel Huapi in the Patagonia region of Argentina. Situated in the foothills of the Andes, close to the Chilean border, Bariloche is surrounded by Nahuel Huapi National Park, the oldest in Argentina.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and flows north and east through the semiarid backlands of northeast Brazil. The fourth largest river system in South America, the river and its basin is an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.