Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil and the eighth largest country in the world. With the Andes forming its western border with Chile, the country's varied geography can be grouped into four geographic regions or sectors and seven natural regions or ecosystems.
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The Caquetá River as it is known in Colombia, or the Japurá as it is known in Brazil, is a tributary of the Amazon River and has a total length of approximately 1,750 mi. About two-thirds of the tributary is in Colombia and the other one-third is in Brazil. The Caquetá-Japurá Basin is the ninth-largest tributary basin in the Amazon.
Caracol State Park is a small state park in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It contains the dramatic Caracol Falls, a major tourist attraction. The waterfall is situated between the pine forest zone of the Brazilian Highlands and the southern coastal Atlantic Forest and has two cascades.
The Cauca River rises in southwestern Colombia and flows northward between the Occidental and Central cordilleras of the Colombian Andes until it joins with the Magdalena River before emptying into the Caribbean Sea. Its journey to the sea takes it through a spectacular canyon between the parallel mountain ranges.
The Central Amazon Conservation Complex and Biosphere Reserve make up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin and are one of the planet's richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It is where the majority of the ecosystems recorded in the Amazon Basin are found.
The Central Suriname Nature Reserve comprises nearly four million acres of primary tropical forest. It protects the upper watershed of the Coppename River and the headwaters of the Lucie, Oost, Zuid, Saramaccz and Gran Rio rivers and covers a range of ecosystems.
The Cerrado Biosphere Reserve is defined by the Cerrado biome which includes dense savanna woodlands, twisted short trees and bushes, as well as grasslands. It is located in the Brazilian states of Goiás, Tocantins, Maranhão, Piauí, and the Federal District.
The site of the Cerrado Protected Areas includes the Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks, located in the Brazilian central plateau in the State of Goias. Both parks help protect the Cerrado biome, one of the oldest and most diverse ecosystems in the world.
The Cerrado is the largest savanna region in South America and the largest ecoregion in the Americas. It encompasses central Brazil as well as small portions of Paraguay and Bolivia. Biologically the richest savanna in the world, it contains extraordinary biodiversity.
Cerro Castillo National Park is located in the Aysén Region of southern Chile, along the Carretera Austral. Named after the magnificent Cerro Castillo peak, its unique landscape contains hanging glaciers that form lagoons with bright turquoise waters.
Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.