Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil and the eighth largest country in the world. With the Andes forming its western border with Chile, the country's varied geography can be grouped into four geographic regions or sectors and seven natural regions or ecosystems.
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Choquequirao is an Incan archaeological site, similar in structure and architecture to Machu Picchu, tucked into the Vilcabamba mountains in the Cusco region of southern Peru. It is located on a glaciated peak overlooking the Apurimac River canyon.
The Churches of Chiloé are found in the Chiloé Archipelago, off the coast of Chile's Los Lagos Region. Here are about 70 churches built within the framework of a "Circular Mission" introduced by the Jesuits in the 17th century and continued by the Franciscans in the 18th and 19th centuries.
There were as many as 80 simple churches built on Chile's high-altitude Altiplano plateau. These "Churches of the Altiplano" were built by Spanish missionaries seeking to convert the local people of the area. Today, some 50 small adobe churches survive in the settlements along this passage.
The Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta Biosphere Reserve is located in northern Colombia and contains one of the largest coastal wetlands in Latin America. It comprises Isla de Salamanca National Park as well as the Flora and Fauna Sanctuary of the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta.
The Cinturón Andino Biosphere Reserve is located at the Macizo Colombiano, in the Andean Chain in southern Colombia. It comprises three National Parks: the Cueva de los Guácharos National Park, the Puracé National Park and the Nevado del Huila National Park.
La Paz is the administrative capital and seat of government of Bolivia. The city is set in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River, a bowl-like depression surrounded by the mountains of the Altiplano. Lying about 4,000 m above sea level, La Paz is the world’s highest national capital.
Montevideo is both the principal city, most important port and capital of Uruguay. As the commercial, financial and political center of Uruguay, the city is considered to have the highest quality of life in Latin America.
Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.
Quito, Ecuador's capital, sits high in the Andean foothills. Constructed on the foundations of an ancient Incan city, it’s known for its well-preserved colonial center, rich with 16th- and 17th-century churches and other structures blending European, Moorish and indigenous styles.
Situated on the the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, the city of Ushuaia lies at the southern tip of South America. Ushuaia, the capital of Tierra del Fuego Province, claims the title of the southernmost city of both Argentina and the world.