Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil and the eighth largest country in the world. With the Andes forming its western border with Chile, the country's varied geography can be grouped into four geographic regions or sectors and seven natural regions or ecosystems.
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Villarrica National Park is located in the Andes, in the La Araucanía and Los Ríos regions of Chile. The park protects Valdivian temperate rain forest habitat. A popular hiking destination, highlights are the volcanoes: Villarrica, Quetrupillán and Lanín.
Some decades ago, Lake Poopó was home to large communities of plants and animals and was a source of resources for the region’s inhabitants. Nowadays, the situation is drastically different. Water levels have declined over the past two decades, and eventually the lake dried out entirely.
The Yabotí Biosphere Reserve is located in the Misiones province of northeastern Argentina. The reserve is part of the Misiones Rainforest Corridor, within the Amazon rainforest region, which is home to some of the most traditional villages of the Guaraní peoples.
Yacurí National Park is located in Ecuador, bordering the provinces of Loja and Zamora Chinchipe. The protected area contains a variety of ecosystems, over 46 high altitude lakes, a number of endangered species as well as archaeological ruins and petroglyphs.
Yasuní National Park and Biosphere Reserve is situated within the Amazonian region of northern Ecuador. Arguably the most biologically diverse spot on earth, it occupies an area within the claimed ancestral territory of the Huaorani indigenous people.
Yendegaia National Park is located in the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region of extreme southern Chile, within the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. The Darwin Range and Lake Fagnano frame its pristine landscapes.
The Yungas is a narrow band of forest along the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains within Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. This humid, subtropical natural region is a transitional zone between the Andean highlands and the eastern forests.
Zaruma, a town located in southern Ecuador, is known for its republic-era architecture, gold mines, culture, traditions and for having been founded by Spanish explorer Alonso de Mercadillo. The town is, more recently, becoming known for its coffee, gastronomy and art.