The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Pereyra Iraola Provincial Park and Biosphere Reserve is located along the banks of the Río de la Plata, in the northeastern part of Argentina's Buenos Aires Province. It is the province's largest urban park and richest center of biodiversity.
The Scotia Sea is the area of water between the Drake Passage, Tierra del Fuego, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the South Orkney Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. The Scotia Arc is an undersea ridge and island arc bordering the Scotia Sea.
The Sierra La Laguna Biosphere Reserve comprises dry forests located within the Sierra de la Laguna mountain range in Mexico's Baja California Peninsula. It is the most important reproduction site for the primary hummingbird species of Mexico and Latin America.
The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate, made up almost entirely of oceanic crust, that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean. At an estimated 40,000,000 sq miles in size, it is Earth's largest tectonic plate.
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges that run from north to south along the entire length of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
The picturesque town of Iruya, in northwestern Argentina, is known for its geographical beauty. It is situated along the Iruya River at an elevation of 9,120 ft and nestled within a dramatic mountainous Altiplano landscape.
Calilegua is the largest national park in the Argentine Northwest, covering a biologically diverse environment. It is also the largest protected area in Argentina dedicated to the conservation of subtropical evergreen mountain rain forests known as Southern Andean Yungas.
Serra do Caparaó is a range of mountains located on the border between the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo in southeastern Brazil. Caparaó National Park was created to protect the Caparaó Mountains and the representative Atlantic Forest found here.
The Serra da Mantiqueira is a mountain range that spans approximately 200 miles across three Brazilian states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Rivers formed in these mountains supply a number of cities in the Southeast Region of Brazil with water.
Morne Diablotin is the highest mountain in Dominica and the second highest in the Lesser Antilles. Morne Diablotin National Park protects two endemic parrots and some of the least disturbed stands of tropical rain forest on the Caribbean island.