The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru, known for the soaring Andean Condors that can be seen throughout the year. The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with pre-Inca roots and an area of astounding scenic beauty.
Trinidad, together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios was founded in the early 16th century but owes its existence to the sugar industry that flourished there and in the nearby valley from the late 18th century to the late 19th century.
Península Valdés is a site of global significance for the conservation of marine mammals. It is home to significant biodiversity including highly fragile terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The dynamic coastal zone features rocky cliffs, shallow bays, coastal lagoons, pebble beaches, and small islands.
Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.
The Strait of Magellan is a sea route in southern Chile separating mainland South America and Tierra del Fuego archipelago to the south. Tierra del Fuego, shared by Chile and Argentina, is further separated in the south by the east-west Beagle Channel.
The Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is located in the State of Queretaro in northern Mexico. Its strategic biogeographical position between the Arctic Neotropical and the Mesoamerican Mountain regions makes Sierra Gorda one of the most ecologically rich and diverse places in Mexico.
The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal bay lying in the crude oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Sometimes referred to as Amazonia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon within their borders.
The Brazilian Highlands are an extensive geographical region and is the main source of the nation’s abundant mineral wealth. Covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, the rugged highlands include steep cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills, and rock outcrops.
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake located at the northern end of the endorheic Altiplano basin high in the Andes, on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Ruins on the lake’s bottom, on its shore, and on the islands attest to the previous existence of one of the oldest civilizations known in the Americas.
The Altiplano, also called Puna, is a region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. It is the most extensive area of high plateau on Earth outside Tibet. The bulk of the Altiplano lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina.
The Los Petenes-Ría Celestún and& Petenes mangrove ecoregion forms a coastal corridor of wetlands in excellent state of preservation. This system forms a unique biogeographical area in Mexico, of great ecological value for its large faunistic and floristic diversity, including the unique Peten mangrove.
The Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve is located in the northwest part of the Yucatán Península, in a coastal strip that includes the limits of the Campeche and Yucatán States. It encompasses coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico and includes important Ramsar-designated wetlands,
The Lagunas de Montebello National Park and Biosphere Reserve is located in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas physiographic province, near the border with Guatemala. Comprising 59 multi-colored lakes in a pine forest along with two Maya ruins, it was the first national park in Chiapas when created in 1959.