The Caribbean, or West Indies, is a region of the Americas that consists of several groups of islands within or bordering the Caribbean Sea, plus The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands, which are in the Atlantic Ocean. The region includes more than 700 islands, islets, reefs, and cays.
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Tropical Andes: Biodiversity Hotspot (South America) The Editor Sat, 08/21/2021 - 16:28
The Tropical Andes is a region that runs through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, spanning more than 580,000 sq mi. The Tropical Andes is the most biologically diverse of all recognized hotspots and contains about one-sixth of all plant life on Earth.
Peruvian Amazonia (La Selva), is the area between the eastern foothills of the Peruvian Andes and the rainforests of the Amazon Basin. It is here that the lower slopes of the western Andes merge with the heavily forested tropical lowlands.
The Sierra Nevada de Güicán, El Cocuy and Chita is located within the Cordillera Oriental range of the Colombian Andes. El Cocuy National Natural Park protects its extraordinary biodiversity and endemism as well as its function as a corridor for migratory species.
The Chicamocha Canyon, located within the Colombian Andes, is among the largest in the world. Chicamocha National Park, also known as Panachi, is a major tourist attraction due to is spectacular landscape and the variety of outdoor activities that it offers.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Chilean Andes and Argentine Andes form most of the border between Chile and Argentina and make up the highest section of the Andes range. The Dry Andes and Wet Andes, along with the Patagonian Andes and Fuegian Andes, are climatic and glaciological subdivisons.
The Bolivian Andes is composed primarily of two ranges or cordilleras. The Cordillera Occidental is characterized by volcanic activity. The much older Cordillera Oriental, also known as the "Cordillera Real," is an impressive snow-capped series of granite mountains.
The Ecuadorian Andes are divided into parallel volcanic cordilleras that form the central Andean highlands region of Ecuador. This Sierra natural region contains ten major basins that contain roughly half of Ecuador’s population.
The Peruvian Andes, part of the greater Andes system of South America, are formed by three main cordilleras that traverse the entire country. The Sierra natural region features fertile river valleys, high plains, deep canyons and the Altiplano plateau.
The Paracas National Reserve is a protected area in Peru that protects desert and marine ecosystems, including the Paracas Peninsula and Paracas Bay. The Ballestas Islands are a group of small islands off the coast of the peninsula that are an important sanctuary for marine fauna.