The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
Pan de Azúcar National Park is located along the northern coast of Chile. A popular Humboldt penguin breeding ground, it contains two main ecosystems: the coastal desert of Taltal and the steppe desert of the Sierra Vicuña Mackenna.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and is the fourth largest river system in South America. The river and its basin are an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.
Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
La Soufrière is an active stratovolcano on the island of Saint Vincent, the largest island of the country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, that lies within the Lesser Antilles in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. The latest explosive eruptions occurred in 2021.
Choquequirao is an Incan archaeological site, similar in structure and architecture to Machu Picchu, tucked into the Vilcabamba mountains in the Cusco region of southern Peru. It is located on a glaciated peak overlooking the Apurimac River canyon.
Campos Gerais National Park is located in the south-central region of the state of Paraná in southern Brazil. The terrain here is rugged. The area's relief contains escarpments, canyons, faults and cracks, hills, caves, underground drains and depressions.
The Cordillera Vilcanota is a mountain range in southeastern Peru that constitutes one of the southern branches of the Cordillera Occidental. Vinicunca, or "Rainbow Mountain," is a natural landmark. Ausangate, with significance in Incan mythology, is the tallest peak in the range.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this important watershed, source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.
The Araucaria moist forests ecoregion spans the mountainous areas of southern Atlantic Brazil and extends into northeastern Argentina. It is a coniferous forest ecoregion of the Atlantic Forest biome.
Serra Geral is the principal mountain relief of interior southern Brazil. It is located at the southern and eastern reaches of the Paraná Plateau and constitutes the southern portion of the Serra do Mar system. The range is home to several national and state parks.